Energy management and electricity provision in ports
Energy management is a key concern of port authorities
The ESPO environmental Review 2016 showed that energy consumption was at the time the second environmental priority of European Ports. A recent update of the top 10 environmental priorities revealed that this has stayed the same for 2017. This demonstrates that port authorities are very aware that reducing energy use saves money and contributes to CO2 reduction.
The fact-finding survey showed that more than half of the respondent ports have already established energy targets, most of them targeting the port authority’s owned and controlled facilities. Fewer port authorities extend these targets to all the port operations and facilities.
As European ports very heavily in size and activities, port authorities set up targets and take measures according to their possibilities and resources available. The fact-finding survey captured some key measures put in place by port authorities.
Due to automation and more intensive port operations, electricity is a rising cost. 39% of the respondent port authorities are still electricity providers for the port area, either directly or through a subsidiary company. The electricity is mainly sold on a cost recovery basis, although some ports do it on a profit basis. 31% of ports don’t seem to play any role in the provision of electricity in the port. In some cases, port authorities are owners of the infrastructure grid.
Background: Trends in EU Ports Governance
The information above was retrieved from the results of the sixth edition of the ESPO Fact-Finding Report ‘Trends in EU Ports Governance 2016’ that was published in June 2016. The aim of the report is to monitor port governance and organisation in Europe and its evolution over time. It is based on a web-based survey that was sent directly to individual port authorities. 86 port authorities from 19 EU Member States, Norway and Iceland completed the questionnaire. Together, they represent more than 200 ports and more than 57% of the overall volume of cargo handled in the European Union.